What were German land defenses on D-Day? Navy history here…

Kris Osborn

What were German land defenses on D-Day? Navy history here

World War II Invasion of Normandy 1944 Interrogation of Generalleutnant Rudolf Schmetzer
World War II Invasion of Normandy 1944 Interrogation of Generalleutnant Rudolf Schmetzer

Interrogation of Generalleutnant [Lieutenant General] Rudolf Schmetzer concerning the construction of German defenses in Normandy, France. MS [Manuscript] # B–668 Allendorf, in the begining of April 47 translated by: Ernest W. Matti   -1-  The manuscripts mentioned below will be issued in the following order of succession: - Part IV: The effects of bombs and heavy naval guns on the fortifications (MS # B-669) Part I : The Origin (till the end of Jan 1944) Part II: The organization of the work of construction Part V: Conclusion (Evaluation on the basis of personal impressions and experiences)   -2-  Report regarding the construction of the Atlantic Wall, Part III The preparations in the invasion area (till the end of January 1944). A) Fundamentals 1) Commands and organization of fortress engineers The sector corresponded exactly to the extent of command of the LXXXIV. Gen.Kdo [Generalkommando - Corps Headquarters], the coastal front of which reached from a point northeast of Caen to the border between Normandy and Brittany southwest of Avranches. Moreover, the British Channel islands were also subordinate to this command. Thus, the direction of defensive preparations and the taking of tactical decisions concerning details of the constructions lay here uniformly in the hands of a static command. The LXXXIV. Gen.Kdo was subordinate to the 15.AOK [Armeeoberkommando - army headquarters] in Tourcoing till about June 1942, in other words, during the time of fundamental reconnoitering and planning and when the construction of large fortifications was just about to start. Apart from the great distance, which made it very difficult to maintain close contact with the sector of the Gen.Kdo, the AOK 15 had the more urgent task of securing first of all the more intensely threatened sectors of its extensive coastal front close to England. (sic). At about the end of June 1942, this part of the Normandy came under the command of the 7 .AOK. At the same time, the extent of command the latter toward the south was restricted to Brittany and its headquarters   -3- moved to Le Mans. This was a much better arrangement, made possible by the transfer of the AOK 7 [?] to the area south of the Loire river. The Fortress Eng. Staff 11 with its three sector groups was subordinate to the LXXXIV.Gen.Kdo for all questions regarding the planning and technical direction of the construction of concrete fortifications. The sector under this staff – fortunately also a static one – covered the entire area which later became the scene of the invasion. Till about summer 1943, it was led by a very capable and active commander. He was bound by the tactical decisions and demands of this Gen.Kdo. With regard to the Organization Todt, however, he only was to