I just posted a video of the Active Denial System on another post and wondered if this couldn't be miniaturized to fit on squad cars (like a pop-up moonroof). Even a hand held ADS could probably be more effective than a taser, from what I have seen, in videos here. It could be the means to de-escalate situations where the suspect is shot, killed and the police sued.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dmuyLIrSjxI

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